The following publications are based on research done at Stanford (alone or multi-center), from members and partners of the Physician Wellness Committee and the WellMD Center.  We encourage and will help provide guidance to Stanford-affiliated physicians and trainees in their wellness research interests.  Please contact us.

Peer Reviewed Articles


  • What Do We Mean by Physician Wellness? A Systematic Review of Its Definition and Measurement.
    Brady KJS, Trockel MT, Khan CT, Raj KS, Murphy ML, Bohman B, Frank E, Louie AK, Roberts LW.  Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Sep 14. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28913621
  • Novel Metrics for Improving Professional Fulfillment.
    DiAngi YT, Lee TC, Sinsky CA, Bohman BD, Sharp CD.  Ann Intern Med. 2017 Nov 21;167(10):740-741. PMID: 29052698
  • Development of a research agenda to identify evidence-based strategies to improve physician wellness and reduce burnout.
    Dyrbye LN, Trockel M, Frank E, Olson K, Linzer M, Lemaire J, Swensen S, Shanafelt T, Sinsky CA.  Ann Intern Med. May 16;166(10):743-744. PMID: 28418518
  • "Physician Wellness" as Published in Academic Psychiatry.
    Louie AK, Trockel MT, Balon R, Coverdale JH, Beresin EV, Brenner AM, Guerrero AP, Roberts LW.  Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Apr;41(2):155-158. PMID: 28213884
  • Pathology in the medical profession?: taking the pulse of physician wellness and burnout.
    Schrijver I. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016 Sep;140(9):976-82. PMID: 26828114
  • The associations between work-life balance behaviours, teamwork climate and safety climate: cross-sectional survey introducing the work-life climate scale, psychometric properties, benchmarking data and future directions.
    Sexton JB, Schwartz SP, Chadwick WA, Rehder KJ, Bae J, Bokovoy J, Doram K, Sotile W, Adair KC, Profit J. BMJ Qual Saf. 2017 Aug;26(8):632-640. PMID: 28008006
  • A Brief Instrument to Assess Both Burnout and Professional Fulfillment in Physicians: Reliability and Validity, Including Correlation with Self-Reported Medical Errors, in a Sample of Resident and Practicing Physicians.
    Trockel M, Bohman B, Lesure E, Hamidi MS, Welle D, Roberts L, Shanafelt T. Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 1. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29196982  (pdf)


  • Burnout in the NICU setting and its relation to safety culture.
    Profit J, Sharek PJ, Amspoker AB, Kowalkowski MA, Nisbet CC, Thomas EJ, Chadwick WA, Sexton JB. BMJ Qual Saf. 2014 Oct;23(10):814-22. PMID: 24742780
  • Burnout in the neonatal intensive care unit and its relation to healthcare-associated infections.
    Tawfik DS, Sexton JB, Kan P, Sharek PJ, Nisbet CC, Rigdon J, Lee HC, Profit J. J Perinatol. 2017 Mar;37:315-20. PMID: 27853320
  • Factors associated with provider burnout in the NICU.
    Tawfik DS, Phibbs CS, Sexton JB, Kan P, Sharek PJ, Nisbet CC, Rigdon J, Trockel M, Profit J. Pediatrics.2017 May;139(5). PMID: 28557756


  • How physicians draw satisfaction and overcome barriers in their practices: "It sustains me".
    Branch WT Jr, Weil AB, Gilligan MC, Litzelman DK, Hafler JP, Plews-Ogan M, Rider EA, Osterberg LG, Dunne D, Derse AR, Pittman JR, Frankel RM. Patient Educ Couns. 2017 Jun 8. pii: S0738-3991(17)30348-8. PMID: 28623052
  • An Integrated Career Coaching and Time Banking System Promoting Flexibility, Wellness, and Success: A Pilot Program at Stanford University School of Medicine.
    Fassiotto M, Simard C, Sandborg C, Valantine H, Raymond J.  Acad Med. 2018 Jan 2. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29298183
  • Can arts and communication programs improve physician wellness and mitigate physician suicide?
    Genovese JM, Berek JS. J Clin Oncol. 2016 May 20;34(15):1820-2. PMID: 26926683  (pdf)
  • An exploration of key issues and potential solutions that impact physician wellbeing and professional fulfillment at an academic center.
    Schrijver I, Brady KJ, Trockel M. PeerJ. 2016 Mar 10;4:e1783. PMID: 26989621


  • A Multifaceted Mentoring Program for Junior Faculty in Academic Pediatrics.
    Chen MM, Sandborg CI, Hudgins L, Sanford R, Bachrach LK. Teach Learn Med. 2016 Jul-Sep;28(3):320-8. PMID: 27054562
  • Women in academic medicine: measuring stereotype threat among junior faculty.
    Fassiotto M, Hamel EO, Ku M, Correll S, Grewal D, Lavori P, Periyakoil VJ, Reiss A, Sandborg C, Walton G, Winkleby M, Valantine H. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2016 Mar;25(3):292-8. PMID: 26555562
  • Reducing implicit gender leadership bias in academic medicine with an educational intervention.
    Girod S, Fassiotto M, Grewal D, Ku MC, Sriram N, Nosek BA, Valantine H. Acad Med. 2016 Aug;91(8):1143-50. PMID: 26826068
  • Faculty diversity and inclusion program outcomes at an academic otolaryngology department.
    Lin SY, Francis HW, Minor LB, Eisele DW.  Laryngoscope. 2016 Feb;126(2):352-6. PMID: 26153871


  • Emotional intelligence as a predictor of resident well-being.
    Lin DT, Liebert CA, Tran J, Lau JN, Salles A. J Am Coll Surg. 2016 Aug;223(2):352-8. PMID: 27182037
  • Burnout in pediatric residents over a 2-year period: a longitudinal study.
    Pantaleoni JL, Augustine EM, Sourkes BM, Bachrach LK. Acad Pediatr. 2014 Mar-Apr;14(2):167-72. PMID: 24602580
  • A Roadmap for Research on Resident Well-Being.
    Quinn MA, Bazari H, Ripp J, Block L, Chretien KC, Fried ED, Leiter RE, Pincavage AT, Spataro B, Trockel M, West CP.  Am J Med. 2017 Dec 12.[Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29246867
  • Well-being in residency: a systematic review. Raj KS.  J Grad Med Educ 2016 Dec;8(5):674-684. pdf
  • Exploring the relationship between stereotype perception and residents' well-being.
    Salles A, Mueller CM, Cohen GL. J Am Coll Surg. 2016 Jan;222(1):52-8. PMID: 26616033
  • Promoting balance in the lives of resident physicians: a call to action.
    Salles A, Liebert CA, Greco RS. JAMA Surg. 2015 Jul;150(7):607-8. PMID: 25992632
  • The relationship between grit and resident well-being.
    Salles A, Cohen GL, Mueller CM. Am J Surg. 2014 Feb;207(2):251-4. PMID: 24238604
  • Encouraging Mindfulness in Medical House Staff via Smartphone App: A Pilot Study.
    Wen L, Sweeney TE, Welton L, Trockel M, Katznelson L. Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Aug 9. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:  28795335
  • Resident Perspectives on Work-Life Policies and Implications for Burnout.
    Westercamp N, Wang RS, Fassiotto M.  Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Oct;41(5):646-650.PMID: 28842868
  • The discriminatory patient and family: Strategies to address discrimination towards trainees.
    Whitgob EE, Blankenburg RL, Bogetz AL. Acad Med. 2016 Nov;91(11 Association of American Medical Colleges Learn Serve Lead: Proceedings of the 55th Annual Research in Medical Education Sessions):S64-S69. PMID: 27779512

Medical Students

  • A Mixed-Methods Analysis of a Novel Mistreatment Program for the Surgery Core Clerkship. Lau JN, Mazer LM, Liebert CA, Bereknyei Merrell S, Lin DT, Harris I.  Acad Med. 2017 Jul;92(7):1028-1034. PMID: 28121657
  • Zero tolerance: implementation and evaluation of the Stanford medical student mistreatment prevention program.
    Smith-Coggins R, Prober CG, Wakefield K, Farias R. Acad Psychiatry. 2017 Apr;41(2):195-199 PMID: 27093963

Conference Authorship

  • 2016 International Conference on Physician Health (17 abstracts/posters)
    September 18-20, 2016    Boston, MA
  • 2017 American Conference on Physician Health (14 abstract/posters)
    October 12-13, 2017   San Francisco, CA


  • Physician Well-Being: The Reciprocity of Practice Efficiency, Culture of Wellness, and Personal Resilience.
    Bohman B, Dyrbye L, Sinsky C, Linzer M, Olson K, Babbott S, Murphy ML, deVries P, Hamidi M, Trockel M. NEJM Catalyst. Aug 7 2017.  (article)
  • Maintaining wellness critical for trainees and clinicians in medical subspecialties.
    Katznelson L, Trockel M. Endocrine Today Nov 2015. (article)
  • How Medical Schools Can Better Fight Burnout.
    Minor L.  WSJ. Sept 12 2017. (article)